Simple chmod primer linux

chmod [who=permission] [path]


who can be u[for user], g[for group], or o[for others]

permission can be r, w, x or a combination like rw, rwx

path is the path to the file


Add write permission for other:

chmod o+w path

Copy permissions:

If you want to give the other, the same permission that user has:

chmod o=u path

Note that chmod by numbers is binary:

User Group Others
rwx rwx rwx


u g o
rwx rw- r–
111 110 100

Convert the binary to decimal. The following links explain how:

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