Disable directory listing on apache2

This is one of the first things you ought to do on an apache2 server:

A freshly installed apache2 shows the following in /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default:

<VirtualHost *:80>
        ServerAdmin [email protected]

        DocumentRoot /var/www
        <Directory />
                Options FollowSymLinks
                AllowOverride None
        </Directory>
        <Directory /var/www/>
                Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
                AllowOverride None
                Order allow,deny
                allow from all
        </Directory>

        ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/
        <Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin">
                AllowOverride None
                Options +ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
                Order allow,deny
                Allow from all
        </Directory>

        ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log

        # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
        # alert, emerg.
        LogLevel warn

        CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined
</VirtualHost>

Edit it and change the line:

Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews

to:

Options FollowSymLinks MultiViews

removing the word “Indexes”.
Restart apache:

service apache2 restart